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MySQL状态检测命令

mysql 悠悠 5个月前 (05-13) 199次浏览 0个评论

本文记录一些检测MySQL性能,配置的命令

status命令

status命令可以列出MySQL数据库的基本参数。比如编码信息,MySQL版本,查询次数等等。

mysql> status
--------------
mysql  Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.1.61, for redhat-linux-gnu (x86_64) using readline 5.1

Connection id:      790
Current database:   snapchat
Current user:       root@localhost
SSL:            Not in use
Current pager:      stdout
Using outfile:      ''
Using delimiter:    ;
Server version:     5.1.61 Source distribution
Protocol version:   10
Connection:     Localhost via UNIX socket
Server characterset:    utf8
Db     characterset:    utf8
Client characterset:    utf8
Conn.  characterset:    utf8
UNIX socket:        /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock
Uptime:         1 day 4 hours 19 min 19 sec

Threads: 1  Questions: 5796  Slow queries: 0  Opens: 282  Flush tables: 1  Open tables: 50  Queries per second avg: 0.56

show status命令

该语句相对于status列出了更多的数据库配置信息。

查询本次MySQL启动后执行的SELECT语句的次数

show status like 'com_select';

查看MySQL服务器的线程信息

show status like 'Thread_%';

show variables命令

show variables命令用于列出MySQL的所有配置信息,按照字母升序排列。可以使用模糊匹配进行查询,如下语句查询编码信息:

show variables like 'char%';

查看端口

show global variables like 'port';

MySQL系统表information_schema

information_schema库是MySQL的系统库,里面的表都是只读表,这些表实际是视图,MySQL自己进行维护,该数据库中存放了其他数据库的相关信息。

在使用下面的sql语句之前,需要切换数据库:

use information_schema;

information_schema系统表的基本字段如下:

desc information_schema.tables;

+-----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field           | Type                | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+-----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| TABLE_CATALOG   | varchar(512)        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| TABLE_SCHEMA    | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| TABLE_NAME      | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| TABLE_TYPE      | varchar(64)         | NO   |     |         |       |
| ENGINE          | varchar(64)         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| VERSION         | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| ROW_FORMAT      | varchar(10)         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| TABLE_ROWS      | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| AVG_ROW_LENGTH  | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| DATA_LENGTH     | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| MAX_DATA_LENGTH | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| INDEX_LENGTH    | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| DATA_FREE       | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| AUTO_INCREMENT  | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| CREATE_TIME     | datetime            | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| UPDATE_TIME     | datetime            | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| CHECK_TIME      | datetime            | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| TABLE_COLLATION | varchar(32)         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| CHECKSUM        | bigint(21) unsigned | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| CREATE_OPTIONS  | varchar(255)        | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| TABLE_COMMENT   | varchar(80)         | NO   |     |         |       |
+-----------------+---------------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

查询总体信息

# 查询所有数据的大小
select concat(round(sum(data_length/1024/1024),2),'MB') as data 
from tables;

# 查看指定数据库的大小
select concat(round(sum(data_length/1024/1024),2),'MB') as data 
from tables 
where table_schema='databse_name';

# 查看指定数据库的某个表的大小
select concat(round(sum(data_length/1024/1024),2),'MB') as data 
from tables 
where table_schema='databse_name' and table_name='table_name';

查询各表存储空间大小

倒序显示某个数据库中所有表数据和索引所占空间大小,sql如下,其中database_name为查询的数据库:

select 
TABLE_NAME, 
concat(truncate(data_length/1024/1024,2),' MB') as data_size,
concat(truncate(index_length/1024/1024,2),' MB') as index_size
from information_schema.tables
where TABLE_SCHEMA = 'databse_name'
group by TABLE_NAME
order by data_length desc;

查看数据库中所有表的记录数

查看数据库中所有表的记录数

select table_name,table_rows 
from information_schema.tables
where TABLE_SCHEMA = 'snapchat'
order by table_rows desc;

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